Milan Urban Food Policy Pact

More than 50% of the world’s population currently lives in urban areas, a proportion that is projected to increase to almost 70% by 2050.

How it works

In 2014, the Mayor of Milan decided to launch an international protocol aimed at tackling food-related issues at the urban level, to be adopted by as many world cities as possible. The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact was signed on the 15 October 2015 in Milan by more than 100 cities. It represents one of the most important legacies of Milan EXPO 2015.

The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact is an international agreement of Mayors. It is more than a declaration, it is a concrete working tool for cities. It is composed by a preamble and a Framework for Action listing 37 recommended actions, clustered in 6 categories. For each recommended action there are specific indicators to monitor progresses in implementing the Pact. The Milan Pact Awards offer concrete examples of the food policies that cities are implementing in each of the 6 Pact categories.


The recommended actions falling into the “Governance category” are all those actions aimed at ensuring an enabling environment for effective action in cities, such as: to facilitate collaboration across city agencies and departments, to strengthen urban stakeholder participation, to identify, map and support local and grassroots initiatives, to develop or revise urban food policies and plans and to develop a disaster risk reduction strategy.

Discover the 6 recommended actions for the Governance category.

Action 1

Facilitate collaboration across city agencies and departments and seek alignment of policies and programmes that impact the food system across multiple sectors and administrative levels, adopting and mainstreaming a rights-based approach; options can include dedication of permanent city staff, review of tasks and procedures and reallocation of resources.


1. Presence of an active municipal interdepartmental government body for advisory and decision making food policies and programmes
Action 2

Enhance stakeholder participation at the city level through political dialogue, and if appropriate, appointment of a food policy advisor and/or development of a multi-stakeholder platform or food council, as well as through education and awareness raising.


2. Presence of an active multi-stakeholder food policy and planning structure
Action 3

Identify, map and evaluate local initiatives and civil society food movements in order to transform best practices into relevant programmes and policies, with the support of local research or academic institutions.


4. Presence of an inventory of local food initiatives and practices to guide development and expansion of municipal urban food policy and programmes.
Action 4

Develop or revise urban food policies and plans and ensure allocation of appropriate resources within city administration regarding food-related policies and programmes; review, harmonize and strengthen municipal regulations; build up strategic capacities for a more sustainable, healthy and equitable food system balancing urban and rural interests.


3. Presence of a municipal urban food policy or strategy and/or action plans.
Action 5

Develop or improve multisectoral information systems for policy development and accountability by enhancing the availability, quality, quantity, coverage and management and exchange of data related to urban food systems, including both formal data collection and data generated by civil society and other partners.


5. Presence of a mechanism for assembling and analysing urban food system data to monitor/evaluate and inform municipal policy making on urban food policies
Action 6

Develop a disaster risk reduction strategy to enhance the resilience of urban food systems, including those cities most affected by climate change, protracted crises and chronic food insecurity in urban and rural areas.


6. Existence of a food supply emergency/food resilience management plan for the municipality (in response to disasters; vulnerabilities in food production, transport, access; socio economic shocks, etc.) based on vulnerability assessment.

Milan Pact Awards special mentions on Governance

Food Governance

How to sign
the Pact

More and more cities choose to join forces with other like-minded actors in working on sustainable food systems and urban food policies. The Milan Pact can be signed by local governments -cities and metropolitan areas- only. Signing the Milan Pact is a fairly simple procedure, and no fees are applied at any stage of the process. Cities interested in signing the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact are invited to get in touch with the MUFPP Secretariat to receive all necessary information.

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