Food Supply and Distribution

There is a variety of actions and measures that can be adopted by cities that want to ensure a sustainable, safe, fair, continuous and efficient supply and distribution of food into and within cities. For example: to review and strengthen food control systems, to ensure seasonal and local food consumption by linking peri-urban and near rural areas transport and logistics, to develop green public procurement and trade policy to facilitate short food supply chains, to support for municipal public markets, to support for municipal public markets.

Discover the 7 recommended actions for the Food Supply category.

Action 27

Assess the flows of food to and through cities to ensure physical access to fresh, affordable foods in low-income or underserved neighbourhoods while addressing sustainable transportation and logistics planning to reduce carbon emissions with alternative fuels or means of transport.


34. Existence of policies/programmes that address the reduction of GHG emissions in different parts of the food supply chain
Action 28

Support improved food storage, processing, transport and distribution technologies and infrastructure linking peri-urban and near rural areas to ensure seasonal food consumption and reduce food insecurity as well as food and nutrient loss and waste with an emphasis on diversified small and
medium scale food businesses along the value chain that may provide decent and stable employment.


35. Presence of a development plan to strengthen resilience and efficiency of local food supply chains logistics
Action 29

Assess, review and/or strengthen food control systems by implementing local food safety legislation and regulations that (1) ensure that food producers and suppliers throughout the food chain operate responsibly; (2) eliminate barriers to market access for family farmers and smallholder producers; and (3) integrate food safety, health and environmental dimensions.


39. Presence of food safety legislation and implementation and enforcement procedures
Action 30

Review public procurement and trade policy aimed at facilitating food supply from short chains linking cities to secure a supply of healthy food, while also facilitating job access, fair production conditions and sustainable production for the most vulnerable producers and consumers, thereby using the potential of public procurement to help realize the right to food for all.


38. Proportion of food procurement expenditure by public institutions on food from sustainable, ethical sources and shorter (local/regional) supply chains.
Action 31

Provide policy and programme support for municipal public food markets including farmers markets, informal markets, retail and wholesale markets, restaurants, and other food distributors, recognizing different approaches by cities working with private and public components of market systems.


36. Measures the number of food markets or retail outlets providing fresh fruit and vegetables per 1000 inhabitants that are directly supported by the municipality in some way.
37. Annual municipal investment in food markets or retail outlets providing fresh food to city residents, as a proportion of total (investment) budget.
Action 32

Improve and expand support for infrastructure related to food market systems that link urban buyers to urban, peri-urban and rural sellers while also building social cohesion and trust, supporting cultural exchange and ensuring sustainable livelihood, especially for women and young entrepreneurs.


36. Number of fresh fruit and vegetable outlets per 1000 inhabitants (markets and shops) supported by the municipality.
37. Annual municipal investment in food markets or retail outlets providing fresh food to city residents, as a proportion of total (investment) budget.
Action 33

Acknowledge the informal sector’s contribution to urban food systems (in terms of food supply, job creation, promotion of local diets and environment management) and provide appropriate support and training in areas such as food safety, sustainable diets, waste prevention and management.


40. Existence of support services for the informal food sector providing business planning, finance and development advice

Milan Pact Awards special mentions on Food Supply and Distribution

Food supply and distribution