More than 50 percent of the world’s population currently lives in urban areas – a proportion that is projected to increase to almost 70 percent by 2050 – and ensuring the right to food for all citizens, especially the urban poor, is key to promoting sustainable and equitable development.
In 2014, the city of Milan was preparing to host the Expo 2015 dedicated to the theme “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life”: a moment of great visibility and extraordinary political opportunity for working to build more resilient urban food systems. Therefore, the Mayor of Milan decided to launch an international protocol aimed at tackling food-related issues at the urban level, to be adopted by as many world cities as possible.
The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact (MUFPP) was announced in February 2014 at the C40 Summit in Johannesburg, where the Mayor of Milan launched the proposal for a Pact to be signed during the forthcoming Expo 2015. The activities started in September, when Milan and over 40 cities from every continent began to exchange views to define the contents of the Pact through video-conferences. The results were discussed in February 2015 during a meeting in London, where the possibility to include standards and indicators in the protocol have also been debated.
The MUFPP development process enjoyed the guidance of an Advisory Group formed by many leading international organizations contributing to a more sustainable, equitable and healthier future for the planet. Moreover, to better coordinate the drafting of the Pact, the city of Milan put together a Technical Team: a panel of prominent international experts with a strong track record in dealing with food-related issues
The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact was signed on the 15 October 2015 in Milan by more than 100 cities and presented the day after to the UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon on the occasion of the World Food Day celebration. It represent one of the most important legacies of EXPO 2015.